Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2018, Page: 111-115
International Health Development Assistance of BRICS Countries
Gui Cao, Institute of Health Science Research, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Feng Xu, School of Statistics, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Shitang Xie, School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Fan Huang, School of Sociology and Population Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Received: Jul. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Aug. 10, 2018;       Published: Sep. 17, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20180604.13      View  459      Downloads  17
Abstract
With the rapid growth of economy and social development among BRICS countries, the role of international health development assistance in state capacity building is becoming more and more significant. This paper described the management system, scale, recipient countries, mechanisms and characteristics of international health assistance among BRICS countries. Aims: Learn about health development assistance of BRICS countries by analyzing its amount, distribution, main characteristics and management system in order to improve the international health development assistance related to BRICS countries. Methods: Data analysis of health development assistance of BRICS countries by using data from 2005 to 2010 of AidData and literature review were the main methods used in this paper. Results: a) from the total amount of international health assistance from 2005 to 2010, China’s total amount of international health assistance ranked first among BRICS countries (excluding 2008), and peaked in 2010, while India and South Africa was slightly higher than the amount of international health assistance in Brazil; b) China's international health development assistance was mainly distributed in 9 countries in Africa; India's was mainly distributed in 16 countries of South Asia and Africa; Brazil’s in around 45 countries depending on language and cultural factors; almost all South Africa’s aid flowed to African countries; c) Brazil’s international health development assistance mainly through technical assistance and its own experience; Russia prefer multilateral financial assistance and cooperation; India conducted technology-based health development assistance to neighboring African countries; China developed a variety of forms of international health assistance; South Africa's international health assistance was mainly carried out through tripartite partnerships; d) the BRICS countries trends to establish unified management agency. Conclusions: a) it is necessary to set up a unified international assistance management agency; b) each BRICS country should use its own comparative advantages and development experience to carry out international health assistance; c) international health assistance data should be more transparent and open.
Keywords
Health Assistance, International Assistance, BRICS Countries, Emerging Countries
To cite this article
Gui Cao, Feng Xu, Shitang Xie, Fan Huang, International Health Development Assistance of BRICS Countries, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 111-115. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20180604.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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