Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Page: 41-44
Impact of Socio-Demographic Characteristics on Acquiring HBV Infection Among Village Midwives in Khartoum State, Sudan, 2014
Taha Ahmed Elmukashfi Elsheikh, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Siham Ahmed Balla, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Asma Abdelaal Abdalla, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
Yosra Mohammed Osman Abu Swait, Khartoum State Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
Abdelgadir Ali Bashir, Khartoum State Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
Received: Dec. 11, 2016;       Accepted: Dec. 20, 2016;       Published: Jan. 14, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20170501.16      View  2644      Downloads  72
Abstract
Background: WHO estimated that 500 000–700 000 people died due to HBV related diseases per year. Objective: To determine the impact of socio demographic characteristics on occurrence of HBV markers among Village Midwifes in Khartoum State, Sudan, 2014.Method:It is a cross-sectional survey. Three hundred thirty five village midwives were studied. Demographic data were collected through a close end questionnaire. Sera were examined, using Eliza, for HBV markers. Statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) version (16) and Chi-Square test were used. Selected level of P value is 0.05Result: Marital status was: married (61.8%), widow (16.4%), divorced (11.3%) and single (4.8%). Level of education: university graduate (0.9%), secondary certificate (9.8%), intermediate (14.2%), primary (50.2%), Quranic School (1.9%) and illiterate (23%). About 65.8% of participants were in age group (30-49), 29.5% in age group of more than 50 years, and 4.6% in age group <30 years. One hundred and thirteen (34%) were positive Anti-HBcore (IgG) reflecting past or on going infection. Fifty seven (57%) of infected respondents were positive HBsAg indicating carrier rate. The overall immunity measured by HBsAb was 8.4%.The tested samples were negative for both HBeAg and Anti-HBcore (lgM). With an exception of the statistical association of duration of work to HBsAb, there is no statistical association between socio-demographic and seroprevalence of HBV markers. Conclusion: Apart from the statistical relation of duration of work to HBsAb, there is no statistical association between seroprevalence of HBV markers and socio-demographic of village midwives in Khartoum State, Sudan.
Keywords
HBV, Village Midwives, Socio Demographic Characteristics, Khartoum State, Sudan
To cite this article
Taha Ahmed Elmukashfi Elsheikh, Siham Ahmed Balla, Asma Abdelaal Abdalla, Yosra Mohammed Osman Abu Swait, Abdelgadir Ali Bashir, Impact of Socio-Demographic Characteristics on Acquiring HBV Infection Among Village Midwives in Khartoum State, Sudan, 2014, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 41-44. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20170501.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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