Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Page: 440-444
Malaria Control Strategy Among Members of American University of Nigeria Yola
Nwambo Joshua Chidiebere, AUN Clinic, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Nigeria
Eappen Philip, AUN Clinic, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Nigeria
Joseph Sairah Figgi, AUN Clinic, American University of Nigeria, Yola, Nigeria
Agbele Theresa Onobhase, Nursing Department, Federal Medical Center, Asaba, Nigeria
Received: Sep. 1, 2016;       Accepted: Sep. 12, 2016;       Published: Oct. 8, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.14      View  3663      Downloads  145
Malaria is well known public health menace in Nigeria with huge economic and social cost especially in institutions or university community, where it accounts for more outpatients’ visits than any other cause, yet the incidence of malaria is on the rise. This study examined the individual control strategy for malaria infestation among members of American University of Nigeria Community. The study utilized a descriptive survey approach. An internet base self-structured questionnaire randomly sent to both staff and students was used to elicit relevant information for the study. A total of 260 individuals responded to the questionnaire. Data from the clinic medical data base (Care plus) was used to ascertain the incidence of Malaria from January 2014 to June, 2016. Using line graph, percentage distribution table, mean and standard deviation for data analysis, findings from the study indicated an overall rise in the incidence of malaria. The mean and SD value of 56.7 ± 35.2 showed that individuals varied in their choice of preventive/control method for malaria infection. Most respondents 47.3% and 40 % would prevent malaria attacks by using insecticide spray and screening of doors and windows respectively. 23.1% of the respondents drain stagnant water (breeding site for mosquitoes) or use prophylactic malaria drug (22.7%). Less than 15% would use either of various other methods such as treated mosquito nets, clearing of surrounding bushes and grass, repellent creams, wear protective clothing or use mosquito coil/bat (5.8%). Based on the perceived factors which influence individual choice of adopting variety of methods to prevent malaria attack, 45% of the respondent reported lack of awareness as a major factor influencing malaria controls strategy and Location/Environment (36.9%), inefficient/incorrect use of preventive measures (30.4%). 20% considered cost, safety level of repellent, nets, insecticides and chemical/drug resistance as a factor with educational level perceived as been the least influential (16.9%). The study identified a lax in attitude and inefficient utilization of available resources. Therefore, it is imperative for every individual to be more proactive and conscientious in their approach towards the prevention and control of malaria infection. Heightened malaria awareness program as a way of public enlightenment synergized by enabling policies and strategic planning at specific periods of the year will go a long way in mitigating the incidence of malaria and the ripple effect it has on the nation.
Malaria, Incidence, Control, Preventive Measure, Factors, University
To cite this article
Nwambo Joshua Chidiebere, Eappen Philip, Joseph Sairah Figgi, Agbele Theresa Onobhase, Malaria Control Strategy Among Members of American University of Nigeria Yola, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 440-444. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.14
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
United State Diplomatic Mission, “Nigeria Malaria Fact Sheet 2011”. Retrieved on 7th July, 2016 from
S. H. Nyarko and A. Cobblah “Sociodemographic determinants of malaria among under five Chidren in Ghana,” Malaria Research and treatment. 2014. Retrieved on 7th July, 2016, from
World Health Organization (2016) “Malaria Fact Sheet”. Retrieved on 7th July, 2016 from http://www.
World Health Organisation (2010) “Malaria”. Retrieved on July 8, 2016 from
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine “Malaria”, 2016.
E. Oluwana and O. Ogunsusi “Impact of Malaria on productivity and coping strategies among small scale garri processors in Odeda Local Governmnet Area of Ogun State, Nigeria,” African Journal Online. Vol. 1 (2), 118-129. 2007. Retrieved on 6th July, 2016 from
F.O. Adeyemo, O. Y. Makinde, L. O. Chukwuka and E. N. Oyana “Incidence of Malaria among the undergraduates of University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria,” Internet Journal of Tropical Medicine. Vol 9(1). 2013. Retrieved on 7th July, 2016, from
N. E. Udonwa, A. N. Gyuse and A. J. Etokidem “Malaria: knowledge and prevention practice among school adolescents in a coastal community in Calabar, Nigeria,” African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine. Vol 2(1). 2010. Retrieved on 7th July, 2016, from
O. Okwa, L. Sanyaolu and A. F. Olatokunbo “Malaria and working performance of academic staff in Nigerian University,” Research Journal of Biology. Vol 2(5), 151-156, 2012. Retrieved on 3rd August, 2016 from http://
O. Omalade, B. Babatunde and S. Olundegun “Social aspect of Malaria among two tertiary institutions in Lagos State,” Sierra lone Journal of Biomedical Research. Vol (3) 2, 97-103. August, 2011. Retrieved on July 8, 2016 from
World Health Organisation “World Malaria Report”, 2011. Retrieved on July 8, 2016 from
T. Ojuroungbe, I. Ishola and O. Ojurongbe “Perception and treatment practice of Malaria among tertiary institution students in Oyo and Osun States, Nigeria,” Journal of Natural Science Research. Vol 4(5), 33-42, 2014.Retrieved on 3rd August, 2016 from
American University of Nigeria “AUN clinic medical data base” 2016. Retrieved on 7th July, 2016, from http://
Browse journals by subject