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Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Page: 422-429
Effectiveness of Psychoeducation on Improving Opinions About Mental Illness Among Primary School Teacher Trainees in Kenya
Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga, Department of Social and Human, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology, the Technical University of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya;Director of Malel Bibwob Clinical Psychologists Consultancy Ltd. (MICAP), Nairobi, Kenya
Ivy Mmbone Chebet, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, The Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia;Neuroscience Ward St., Nursing Department, Vincent Private Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Mourice Barasa, International Planned Parenthood Federation – Africa Region, Nairobi, Kenya
David M. Ndetei, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya;African Mental Health Foundation, Nairobi, Kenya
Received: Jul. 30, 2016;       Accepted: Aug. 9, 2016;       Published: Sep. 2, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.11      View  3907      Downloads  190
Abstract
Opinions about mental illness have been found to be negative among college students and the general population. Studies have indicated that improving literacy levels would improve opinions and lead to individuals to seek help and family to provide the needed support. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of psycho-education on the opinions about mental illness among public primary teacher trainees in Kenya. Convenience sampling was used to identify four public teacher colleges out of the twenty. Self-administered demographic questionnaire and opinions about mental illness scale were presented to the participants to collect data in four evaluations for the experimental group and three for the control group. The ethical protocol was followed from getting authority to informed consent from the participants. Out of the 2925 questionnaires presented, 2775 were returned fully filled, a return rate of 94.34%. Summative scores improved among the experimental group in the second, and third assessments, but this reduced to almost the original measure in the fourth assessment. This study found that psycho-education of mental illness is effective in improving negative opinions about mental illness among these participants and this study recommended mental health studies is included in the teachers’ curriculum.
Keywords
Mental Illness, Opinions, Psychoeducation, Teachers, Trainees, Effectiveness
To cite this article
Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga, Ivy Mmbone Chebet, Mourice Barasa, David M. Ndetei, Effectiveness of Psychoeducation on Improving Opinions About Mental Illness Among Primary School Teacher Trainees in Kenya, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 422-429. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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