Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2016, Page: 49-56
Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Among Solid Waste Collectors in Lideta Sub-city on Prevention of Occupational Health Hazards, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Fikrom Gebremedhin, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Mesfin Kote Debere, Epidemiology and Biostatstics Unit, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Abera Kumie, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Zemedu Mehamed Tirfe, Epidemiology and Biostatstics Unit, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Andamlak Gizaw Alamdo, Department of Public Nursing, Arba Minch Health Sciences College, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 25, 2015;       Accepted: Dec. 27, 2015;       Published: Feb. 23, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160401.17      View  4968      Downloads  318
Abstract
Municipal solid waste workers are exposed to a number of pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites and cysts), toxic substances, chemicals that come from the waste itself and from its decomposition. While standards and norms for handling municipal solid waste in industrialized countries have reduced occupational and environmental impacts significantly, the risk levels are still very high in most developing countries including Ethiopia because of inadequate understanding of the magnitude of the problem. Despite the severity of occupational health hazards encounter by solid waste collectors their provision, knowledge and usage of personnel protective equipment is low and there is no adequate and credible evidence on occupational health risks of solid waste collectors in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of solid waste collectors towards prevention of occupational health hazards in Lideta sub-city in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among four hundred six solid waste collectors for this work. The data was collected by using semi-structured questionnaire and observational checklist, which was completed from December 2014 to February 2015. The data was entered into epi info version 3.5.1 and exported to SPSS 20 version for analysis. Multiple logistic regression analysis had been performed. Adjusted odds ratio with confidence interval had been computed to see the presence of association between the dependent and selected independent variables. The results on this finding were reported using different descriptive statistics. The response rate of this study was 94.8%. Female respondents accounted 69.7%. The mean age of the study subjects was 35 years, which varied from 17 to 65 years. About 60.8% of the study participants had satisfactory knowledge on preventing occupational health risks associated with solid waste handling. Most (75.9%) of the solid waste collectors had favorable attitude while only 37.2% of them had safe practice on preventing occupational health hazards. As compared to workers who were satisfied on their job, odds of having safe occupational health practice were 2.8 higher (AOR = 2.8, 95% CI: 1.84 - 4.26). The knowledge and attitudes of workers about prevention of occupational health hazards were moderate but the magnitude of having safe occupational health practice was very low. So, implementation of basic occupational health services with provision of personal protective equipment’s and supervising waste handlers on appropriate utilization is advisable.
Keywords
KAP, Waste Collectors, Occupational Health, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Fikrom Gebremedhin, Mesfin Kote Debere, Abera Kumie, Zemedu Mehamed Tirfe, Andamlak Gizaw Alamdo, Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Among Solid Waste Collectors in Lideta Sub-city on Prevention of Occupational Health Hazards, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016, pp. 49-56. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160401.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Abash s, Ohimain E. (2011). Healthcare waste management in Nigeria: A case study. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, Vol. 3(3), pp. 99-110.
[2]
Abou-ElWafa HS, El-Bestar SF, El-Gilany A-H, et al. (2012). Musculoskeletal disorders among municipal solid waste collectors in Mansoura, Egypt: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open; 2(5).
[3]
Addis Ababa city solid waste management Agency (February 2010). "Over view of Addis Ababa City solid waste management system". http://www.un.org/esa/dsd/susdevtopics/sdt_pdfs/meetings2010/icm0310/2b-2_Tessema.pdf
[4]
Adogu, P. O. U., Uwakwe, K. A., Egenti, N. B., et al. (2015) Assessment of Waste Management Practices among Residents of Owerri Municipal Imo State Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 446-456. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2015.65043
[5]
Ahmed, K. (2004). "Investigation of Occupational health and safety hazards among domestic waste collectors Bethlehem and Hebron district" An -najah university press Nablus.
[6]
Bogale, D. (2012). Assessment of Occupational injuries and illness symptums among Addis Ababa City Solid waste collectors.
[7]
Bolaji AO. (2005). Analytical study of carpenters' attitude towards safety and occupational health practice in Oyo state of Nigeria. J Ecol.; 18(2): 99-103.
[8]
Damte M. (2006). Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of HCW on universal precaution.
[9]
Direct initiative for social and health action (2009). "A rapid assessment survey of health and environmental impacts of solid waste recycling."
[10]
Federal Ministry of Health of Ethiopia (December 2010). Ethiopia national expanded programme on immunization: Comprehensive multi-year plan 2011 - 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. http://www.gavi.org/Country/Ethiopia/Documents/CMYPs/Comprehensive-multi-year-plan-for-2011-2015/+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=et
[11]
Hafiz O. Alhmed, Mark S. Newson-Smith. (2010). Knowledge and Practices Related To Occupational Hazards Among Cement Workers In United Arab Emirates. J Egypt public health Assoc, vol. 85 (3).
[12]
Halim and et al (2011). "Respiratory functions of the people working in solid waste storage centers." in Istanbul. Nobel Medicus 7(1): 29-36.
[13]
ILO, Ed. (2003). Environmental and social guidelines for occupational health and safety in ILO.
[14]
International Labour organization (2001). "Working conditions and Environment a workers education manual."
[15]
Inyang M (2009) Health and safety risks among the municipal solid waste collectors in Port Harcourt metropolis of the Niger delta region of Nigeria. International conference waste management, environmental geotechnology and global sustainable development.
[16]
Kiwekete HM (2009). "A role of safety culture in preventing accidents in the work place." Afr Newsletter on occupational health and safety 19(1): 20-21.
[17]
M. Athanasiou, G. Makmxnes, et al. (5 September 2010). "Respiratory Health of municipal solid waste workers." Occupational Medicine advance access publication 10(1093).
[18]
Mehrdad R, Majilessi-Nasr M, et al. (2008). "Musculoskeletal disorders among municipal solid waste workers." Actamedical Iranica 46(3): 233-238.
[19]
Mola S (2005). Occupational Health and safety training package for solid waste handlers Addis Ababa Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa city Solid waste Management Agency.
[20]
Mudalige OM and Dharmathilake AD (2000). Health problem among Colombo municipal council workers, AL 2000 batch of students. Univesity of Colombo press. Colombo, Colombo University.
[21]
Oxford university (2005). "occupational medicine." society of occupational medicine.
[22]
Oyelola OT and Babatunde A (2009). "Health implications of solid waste disposal."
[23]
Phiman E (2011) Health risk reduction behavior model for scavengers exposed to solid waste in municipal dump in Nakhon Ratchasima province.
[24]
S., C. (2005). private sector participation in municipal solid waste management, guidance pack. Skat Switzerland.
[25]
Sarkar, p. (2003). "Solid waste Management in Delhi a solid vulnerability study".
[26]
Tadesse G (March 2007). "The baseline survey of the occupational safety and health conditions of solid waste primary collectors and street sweepers in Addis Ababa."
[27]
Tiwari R (2008). "occupational health hazards in sewage and sanitary workers." Indian Journal of occup med.
[28]
WHO (1998). "Strengthening of health surveillance of working populations the use of International statistical classification of diseases (ICD-10) in occupational health."
Browse journals by subject