Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Page: 144-149
Flood Disaster Profile of Pakistan: A Review
Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Human Development Programme, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Pedro Arcos González, Unit for Research on Emergency and Disaster, Department of Medicine, University of Oviedo, Spain
Received: Mar. 1, 2014;       Accepted: Apr. 9, 2014;       Published: Apr. 20, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140203.11      View  3412      Downloads  419
Abstract
Floods- Disaster profile of Pakistan clearly entails that the country has experienced severe and life-threatening flooding in the recent past. During heavy monsoon rains every year, people’s exposure and vulnerability to extreme flooding increases due to the country’s current socioeconomic conditions. A fundamental change in the country’s development path is needed to prevent future catastrophic floods that decouples exposure and vulnerability from economic growth and is more in harmony with the functioning, capacities and thresholds of the natural environment. The catastrophic flooding in the country could have been curtailed with the benefit of hindsight and given the optimum management of its political, social and economic spheres. Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in the areas of water, sanitation, health, shelter and livelihoods can enhance community resilience to future disasters by providing stronger shelter, water and sanitation structures which can withstand floods better; and increasing people’s assets and knowledge
Keywords
Floods, Disaster, Vulnerability, Pakistan
To cite this article
Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Pedro Arcos González, Flood Disaster Profile of Pakistan: A Review, Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 144-149. doi: 10.11648/j.sjph.20140203.11
Reference
[1]
Le Arthur Lam L. Assessing global exposure to natural hazards: Progress and future trends. Environmental Hazards: 2007; Volume 7: 10-19.
[2]
IFRC. World Disasters Report. Geneva: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. 2001. Available from: www.ifrc.org/publicat/wdr2001/
[3]
A review of Disaster Management Policies and systems in Pakistan, January, 2005
[4]
Handmer J and Dovers S. The handbook of disasters and emergency policies and institutions. Sterling, VA USA: Earthscan.2007.
[5]
Pakistan Disaster Knowledge Network: Pakistan Hazard Profile. 2009. Available from http://www.saarc-sadkn.org/countries/pakistan/hazard_profile.aspx
[6]
Oxfam’s Policy Paper. Ready or Not: Pakistan’s resilience to disasters one year on from the floods. 2011. Available from: http://policy practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/ready-or-not-pakistans-resilience-to-disasters-one-year-on-from-the-floods-138689
[7]
Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. 2009. PLoS Med 6(7): e1000097. doi: 10.1371/ journal.pmed.1000097
[8]
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Pakistan—Monsoon Floods, Situation Report #23, September 9, 2010. Hereafter referred to as OCHA Situation Sept. 9 Report.
[9]
“Flood Brings Chaos Back to Pakistan’s Swat Valley,” New York Times, August 19, 2010.
[10]
Pakistan Floods: The Deluge of Disaster Preparedness for Natural Hazards in Pakistan and Figures. ReliefWeb. Reliefweb.int. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2013-08-19. Available from: http://reliefweb.int/report/pakistan/pakistan-floodsthe-deluge-disaster-facts-figures-15-september-2010
[11]
United Nations, Pakistan: Floods Relief and Early Recovery Response Plan, United Nations, November 2010, http://pakresponse.info/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=47teGm9PeB8%3d&tabid=93&mid=676
[12]
Global Network of Civil Society Organizations for Disaster Reduction. Pakistan Floods: Preventing Future Catastrophic Flood Disasters; Marcus Oxley.2010. Available from: http://www.preventionweb.net/files/15697_01.10.101.pdf/
[13]
National Disaster Risk Management Framework (NDRMF), 2007
[14]
“Unnatural Disasters,” Financial Times, August 4, 2010. Statistics for the flood illustrate that this is Pakistan’s largest disaster in terms of the number of people affected in the last 60 years: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/ fullmaps_sa.nsf/luFullMap/8A7B7152D23697D0C125777B00411D87/$File/FL-2010-000141-
P AK_0809_graph.pdf? OpenElement.
[15]
Sabates R, Devereux S, Mitchell T, Tanner T, Davies M and Leavy J. Rural disaster risk - poverty interface. Brighton, England: University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies. 2008.
[16]
Michael J. Hicks and Mark L. Burton, Preliminary Damage Estimates for Pakistani Flood Events, 2010, Center for Business and Economic Research, Ball State University, August 2010. Available from: http://cber.iweb.bsu.edu/research/ PakistanFlood.pdf.
[17]
World Bank. Natural disaster hotspot: case studies. Working paper series 5. Washington DC: World Bank Hazard Management Unit. 2006. Available from: www.proventionconsortium.org/?pageid=37&publicationid=128#128
[18]
Alam, K. et al. Drowning Sand and the Holy Banana Tree. The tale of people with disability and their neighbors coping with Sharbanasha floods in the Brahmaputra-Jamuna Chars of Bangladesh. Handicap International.2007.
[19]
World Bank. Natural Hazards, Unnatural disasters. The Economics of Effective Prevention, Washington, D.C. 2010.
[20]
World Bank. Hazards of Nature, Risks to Development: An IEG Evaluation of World Bank Assistance for Natural Disaster. Washington, DC: World Bank. 2006.
[21]
Global Network of Civil Society Organizations for Disaster Reduction. Pakistan Floods: Preventing Future Catastrophic Flood Disasters; Marcus Oxley.2010. Available from: http://www.preventionweb.net/files/15697_01.10.101.pdf/
[22]
Sphere Project. Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. Oxford: Oxfam Publishing. 2010. Available from: www.sphereproject.org/
Browse journals by subject